Which moisturizer is right for me?

Long before exfoliating toners, cloth masks and serums became commonplace, a good moisturizer was the ultimate beauty essential.

For the most minimalist among us, it is still the heart of our routine, well accompanied by the favourite make-up remover of the moment and for the best students, a daily sun protection.

That said, while applying moisturizer is a common step, choosing the right skin care cream for you is far from easy. In order to be better equipped to select the right moisturizer for you, it is first essential to understand the purpose of a moisturizer.

Our skin is our largest organ, and also our body's first defence barrier. Knowing that our organism is made up of more than 65% water, it is the skin that assumes the absolutely crucial role of preventing it from evaporating too quickly.

However, between daily exposure to the sun, pollutants, smoke and other toxins, this protective barrier is often compromised and with it, our internal and cutaneous comfort.

The right moisturizer helps maintain optimal moisture levels while preventing what is known as transepidermal water loss, which occurs when we push the envelope a little too far with our poor hydrolipidic barrier no longer able to stop our water loss.

Different skin types will obviously have different needs, but a few easy steps can help optimize skin hydration and maximize the effectiveness of your skincare routine.

First of all, you should never forget your moisturizer, even if only once a day. It's true that some very dry skins are more comfortable with oils, but all skin needs water.

Next, always apply your moisturizer to moistened skin to allow it to penetrate better and to add an extra "layer" of moisture.

Applying a cream to dry skin is a bit like making a sandwich on bread, without mayonnaise or mustard; it's neither effective nor pleasant ;)

For the rest, and to know how to find the right shoe, follow the guide!

Help, I have dry skin!

Dry skin is skin that feels tight, has visible dryness (cracks, peeling skin, etc.) and is usually very fine-grained with no visible pores.

This is also skin on which "nothing holds", which eats up care products and make-up a few hours after their application. Contrary to many preconceived ideas, dry skin does not lack "hydration" per se; dry skin lacks lipids, not water.

That being said, chronically dry skin will also often be short of water since the absence of sebum on the upper layer of the epidermis will lead to a more rapid evaporation of water (the famous transepidermal water loss).

To comfort dry skin, opt for "occlusive" moisturizers with a higher-than-average ratio of oils and ceramides. Don't forget to apply your cream to damp skin, and to seal it all in, apply a few drops of oil at the end of your routine to create a waterproof layer.

Help, I have oily skin!

Oily skin is generally skin that is shiny on the T-zone and whose pores are particularly visible on the cheeks and chin.

Moisturizing oily skin may seem counterintuitive, but it is a crucial step. Skin that overproduces sebum is generally the most deprived, the one that is aggressed with cleansing products that are too drying, or that is deprived of nutrition and that in return tries desperately to overcompensate for this lack by producing even more sebum.

While it's best to avoid overly rich textures with occlusive ingredients that may cause blemishes, a cream with moisturizing emollients will work well for oily or even acne-prone skin.

Some products even contain slightly matifying active ingredients for a more pleasant finish. Ideally, in order to progressively rebalance oily skin, it is ideal to also use rose hip oil, either alone in the evening or mixed with your skin care cream occasionally.

Help, I have dehydrated skin!

Dehydrated skin is completely unyielding, uncomfortable and easily marked, leaving pillow marks long after a shower (the steam of which would normally allow the skin tissue to stretch).

Contrary to dry skin, dehydrated skin unsurprisingly lacks water. Paradoxically, both dry and oily skin can also suffer from dehydration (since irregular sebum production does not prevent a lack of water).

The beauty secret for dehydrated skin? Apply as many thin layers as possible! This starts of course with a suitable serum, often based on hyaluronic acid, but also by misting the skin before applying each treatment to "trap" water in its tissues.

On a generously moistened skin, apply a care product that is neither too rich nor too mattifying and ideally follow with a light oil to seal the whole.